We’ve watched for decades how the GOP is able to get votes in the most impoverished areas with platforms that blame the poor and keep them poor. They use fear. Their main fear being guns and …
Source: Fear Based Voting
We’ve watched for decades how the GOP is able to get votes in the most impoverished areas with platforms that blame the poor and keep them poor. They use fear. Their main fear being guns and …
Source: Fear Based Voting
Grande Ronde Assimilated , Corrupt Tribal Council, Mascots, and Reyn Leno
Corruption is the word of the day regarding the absurd stance The Confederated Tribes of the Grande Ronde has taken on condoning of the use of Native American mascots in schools across Oregon state. The cruelty of corruption is heartbreaking and now Native Americans face another terrifying reality from those whom should be their number one advocates: Tribal leaders like Reyn Leno.
Reyn Leno is the Chairman of the Confederated Tribes of Grande Ronde and also serves on the Spirit Mountain Community Fund Board of Trustees and is chairman of the Spirit Mountain Casino Board of Directors. With increasing outcry to the end of offensive Native American Mascots, Oregon voted to end the use of offensive native mascots. Here enters Reyn Leno. I’m not sure exactly how he has connected pride in heritage to generic, appropriating images, but he has, and even brought up service in Viet Nam to justify it in his latest opinion piece “Reasonable resolution to tribal-mascot debate” ,http://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/index.ssf/2016/02/reasonable_resolution_to_triba.html . He has claimed the money could be better spent, even though Addidas has offered to help with the financial burden, and made grand statements about brave ancestors and losing tribal land all to justify his ridiculous support of racism. I’m not sure how these statements are connected to offensive native imagery, but he did use them all as excuses for his support. Between the incoherent justifications in his reasonable response, 10 ethics violations and actively helping to commit paper genocide by disenrolling 76 tribal members, I have to state, his opinion isn’t worth much. I also have to ask, did Chairman receive some of the money from Redskins owner Dan Snyder’ while he was ‘donating’ to native causes?
Here are the facts we know about Reyn Leno and his corrupt leadership:
Sovereignty is not a justification for violation of the right to free speech, which is exactly what has happened.
Recently this Chairman Reyn Leno led the effort to disenroll 86 members of the tribe. The reasons uncertain, but suspicious. Especially considering the gag order they had put on the expelled tribal members. Why is it necessary to trample on the 1st amendment rights under the guise of sovereignty? If the reasons just why not be open about it. I did call Mr. Leno’s office to ask him questions about the mascots, ethics violations, disenrolling, and new casino rumors, I did not receive a call back. After speaking to some tribal members that wish to remain anonymous for fear of being stripped of their tribal membership, I got the impression Mr. Leno champions mascots and the use of Abramhoff’s playbook, not the tribe. That phrase was used several times, Abramhoff’s playbook. From the attorney Galanda’s blog ““It’s just a Tribal membership dispute.” (Plays #1 and 2 are exposed here and here.) Play #3—Cause a Tribal Membership Dispute. The bad guys know that if they style the Tribal leadership dispute as a membership dispute, nobody will touch it. They know that under banner of Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez, 436 U.S. 49 (1978), federal, state and local officials will simply say: “Sorry, the matter is internal to the Tribe. Tribes are sovereign and self-governing.”
The bad guys know that they can claim to disenroll any Tribal Councilperson or member who is not aligned with them, without suffering any legal recourse. They know that the federal and state courts will almost surely not get involved. They also know that they can denounce an Indian court as illegitimate and flout any Ex parte Young efforts to prospectively enjoin their “ethnic cleansing” efforts. Tribal disenrollment is already at an “epidemic” level according to Professor David Wilkins; applying the Abramoff Playbook only accelerates the self-genocide.
Play #4—Rush to the Media. The bad guys hurry to create headlines that further cause folks in positions of power to stay out of it. The news stories they generate—through paid-for press releases via PRNewswire—will speak of “tribal disenrollment” and “tribal factions.”
They will allege some form of wrongdoing by their opponents, to the point of slander or libel. They understand that federal and state officials, cops and judges, as well as local community members and business leaders, will read the resulting headlines. In turn, those readers will fall back on preconceived ideas about what is happening within the Tribe, leading them to either pick the bad guys’ side or stay out of it completely.”
Mr. Leno perfected these tactics Each step of the way the tribal members up for disenrollment were treated with extreme contempt and corruption. Following the rules the tribe set forth only to have the rules changed and no time allotments to adjust to the new amendments.
.“FOR ALMOST A YEAR, THE TRIBAL COUNCIL HAS ADMONISHED US TO FOLLOW THE ‘PROCESS’ AND NOW THEY CHANGED THE PROCESS WITH LESS THAN A WEEK REMAINING BEFORE A DECISION WAS TO BE MADE,” STATED FAMILY SPOKESPERSON MIA PRICKETT.”
Mr. Leno blocked votes, changed the rules and then, as promised by the new amendments refused any additional hearings. The rest of the amendments details have been kept secret. And after using them, he proceeded to strip them of their cultural birthright.
“The pro-termination faction of Tribal Council is consolidating power,” said Prickett. “The latest move is clearly aimed at suppressing political dissent and preventing us from voting in our Tribal election.”
The family in question are direct descendants of Chief Tumulth who ceded land to the United States government in exchange for a safe and permanent home for his descendants. This land was used as a reason to prevent another tribe from building a casino. While ancestral land and environmental concerns were used it had everything to do with not wanting competition for the tribe’s casino. Mr. Leno happily exploited this family and their ancestors while it was favorable. He then used the very same ancestral ties to unethically twist tribal law, pervert it and disenroll this family.
’DISENROLLMENT IS SHOCKING FOR THIS FAMILY CONSIDERING THE GRAND RONDE GOVERNMENT USED SEVERAL MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY DESCENDING FROM CHIEF TUMULTH TO FIGHT OTHER TRIBES’ DEVELOPMENT OF CASINOS IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE.”
This is nothing new. It’s happening in several tribes. And the playbook is being perfected by corrupt Tribal leaders. A mixture of greed, inner conflict, personal feuds and corrupt agendas are behind this wave of disenrollment. This strips members of homes, healthcare, college scholarships, jobs, elder housing and health, and identity.
Imagine, your family comes together covertly, decides they have more than enough members and it’s no longer advantageous to keep you around. They give you a set of rules to follow for any chance to remain in the family, then change the rules right before the deadline. Under secrecy and suspicious circumstances vote you out, strip you of your family name, your connection to all you know, all you love, your pride in who you are. And tell you that you can no longer live in the family house, participate in the family gatherings, and strip you of your ability to even talk about the injustice? It’s cultural rape.‘ It’s paper genocide. It is the absolute worst nightmare coming true.
Taking all this into consideration, is it any surprise this self appointed speaker for Native Americans would champion racist native imagery? Native American mascotting has been debated nationwide and opponents use the same rhetoric used to justify racism in any case of injustice. From political correctness, to “we’re honoring you’’, pride, and Reyn’s own “preserving the heritage” example. It makes one wonder, did Mr. Leno get a lump sum from the NFL’s own Snyder to support the cause?
In a summary of the APA resolution recommending the immediate retirement of American Indian Mascots, the findings were conclusive and clear. From the the 2005 study, “ the American Psychological Association (APA) called for the immediate retirement of all American Indian mascots, symbols, images and personalities by schools, colleges, universities, athletic teams and organizations. APA’s position is based on a growing body of social science literature that shows the harmful effects of racial stereotyping and inaccurate racial portrayals, including the particularly harmful effects of American Indian sports mascots on the social identity development and self-esteem of American Indian young people.
Research has shown that the continued use of American Indian mascots, symbols, images, and personalities has a negative effect on not only American Indians students but all students by:”
“The use of American Indian mascots as symbols in schools and university athletic programs is particularly troubling because schools are places of learning. These mascots are teaching stereotypical, misleading and too often, insulting images of American Indians. These negative lessons are not just affecting American Indian students; they are sending the wrong message to all students.”
– Former APA President Ronald F. Levant, EdD
“We make the case in the report that young Native people in too many cases grow up with these team names in their communities” and “The debate we’ve been seeing around these mascots is really missing the point,” report co-author Erik Stegman told USA TODAY Sports. “There are real impacts that we see in Native youth around the country. They have lower self esteem because of these mascots. And they have the worst education outcomes in the nation. It all points to the need to retire these mascots across the board, at K through 12 and post-secondary schools and in professional leagues.”
The report recommends:
– The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights should use its full authority to enforce civil rights protections for Native students and promote a safe and welcoming learning environment.
– State-level boards of education should identify schools in their states with Native mascots and examine their impact.
– Nonprofit legal assistance organizations and law school clinics should develop programs for Native students who want to file complaints.
– The federal government and foundations should fund new research on the impact of Indian mascots.
then they have to deal with them for the rest of their lives on the pro level,” Stegman said. “These names lead to a basic misunderstanding by non-Native people of tribal people across the country and until we actually get rid of all of these, as the American Psychological Association recommended almost a decade ago, we are never going to change that.”From USA Today article, http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/nfl/2014/07/22/indian-mascots-report-washington-nfl-team/13006145/
From Mr. Leno’s statement on mascots, “Our people are proud to be known as Indians, Braves, Warriors and Chiefs. The Oregon State Board of Education recently made the right decision to approve a rule that reinforces the Legislature’s bill allowing for federally recognized tribes and neighboring school districts to enter into agreements on culturally:acceptable and respectable mascot imagery. This is not respect.
It seems like Reyn Leno is the perfect Native token for racists….And his claim money could be better spent on education doesn’t hold water either. Adidas announced in November, “About 2,000 high schools still use monikers and mascots that “cause concern for many tribal communities,” according to the company, which sent executives to the conference and announced it will be a founding member of a coalition that reviews the issue of Native American imagery in sports.”
So why would any tribal leaders advocate for these offensive mascots? Well Reyn Leno released an official statement, but it really says nothing other than, I don’t care, it serves my purpose, racism be damned, cultural appropriation be damned, the psychological health of our children be damned. “In light of the manifold struggles that America’s first inhabitants have faced, attaching any Indian name to a multimillion-dollar sports franchise seems the most incongruous of honors,” Saunt wrote.
It’s not an honor. First of all, most are a generic depiction of what never was, appropriated from the plains tribes or Mohawks, give the impression that the image that Hollywood perpetuated is accurate, and further degrade true culture. Tomahawk chops, not honorable. Redskins….. that term is beyond offensive. I’ve had people tell me it’s a term referring to our brave warriors. No. It refers to the bounty on the scalps of Natives. Even women and children.
This is not political. That is just a way of justifying racism. Being politically correct has nothing to do with it. Would it be offensive if a team was named the Washington Wetbacks? Alabama Porch monkeys and the fans can show up in black face? Yes. I think we can all agree that would be offensive. So why is it a politically correct liberal agenda when Native Americans say “ I am not ok with this offensive imagery”? It’s dehumanizing. After centuries of being called savages ( it’s even in the Declaration of Independence “ He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare, is undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions”). And just because there are a few that have said it doesn’t bother them, or because Snyder swooped in with money, doesn’t make it ok, nor does it mean they speak for Native Americans as a whole. They don’t even speak for their tribe as a whole. As is the case with Grande Ronde Chairman Reyn Leno. I personally don’t think he is qualified to speak for any Native Americans. Especially when he will use his own members of his tribe and their connection to ancestral land to block casinos and then strip said members of their heritage, their birthright.
““If you see a black person and someone tells you all the slaves were black people, you see the shadow of slavery every time you see a black face. But we Indians, we mix up pretty well. There’s been lots of intermarriage, there were lots of rapes in the old days.
“You see an Indian who looks almost white and is driving a pickup truck and shopping at Wal-Mart, you don’t make the connection to someone who looked like Sitting Bull or Chief Joseph. So the Washington Redskins and that bucktoothed son of a bitch Cleveland Indian don’t connect in your minds with us today. Those are old Indians, and we’re supposed to be new Indians. We’re supposed to not care. What you don’t see is that those old Indians were our grandmothers and grandfathers.” Kent Nerburn’s Wolf and Twilight.
Mr. Leno is beyond reprehensible. From betrayal of all Native Americans with his ridiculous advocacy of racist imagery, to corrupt disenrollment, to ethics violations he has become the very example of evil. He is a traitor. I personally wouldn’t mind seeing his banishment at best, at worst, traditional punishment for the worst of traitors. I cannot express the absolute disgust I feel for this man’s actions against his own tribe. With numbers so few, fractured across the land, the very real obstacles and issues facing so many tribes, to see him intentionally cause harm may be the greatest crime I’ve seen outside murder or rape, and I’m not so sure this doesn’t qualify as murder and rape in a sense.
“In the absence of the sacred, nothing is sacred-everything is for sale” Oren Lyons Onondaga
February 6, 2016
Mr. Leno’s statement on mascots
Quote From The Wolf at Twilight
December 29, 2015
125 years ago marked the end of the resistance. The movement crushed by the sorrow of all that was gone. And then, silence for 80 years. History mentions little, and affirms what we knew, we didn’t matter. The final stages were being orchestrated to fully and completely assimilate the people of the first nations. Children taken from parents by force and indoctrinated into a foreign religion, a religion that had came and killed all the beauty of diverse and prosperous societies. We are told, if we accept the desert demigod Jesus, and follow the archaic, dogmatic and inconsistent rules of this maniacal god, we’ll be granted entrance into a socialist utopian kingdom when we die. The irony is that they came and destroyed the very utopia they wait to find in death.
“I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young. And I can see that something else died there in the bloody mud, and was buried in the blizzard. A people’s dream died there. It was a beautiful dream . . . . the nation’s hoop is broken and scattered. There is no center any longer, and the sacred tree is dead. “
—- Black Elk
Four days after Christmas, with decorations still up at the Episcopalian mission on the Pine Ridge Reservation, 4 Sioux men and 47 children were brought in that had survived. Wounded, flesh torn by bullets and shrapnel, they were delivered to a place that displayed Peace on Earth. The final count is estimated between 300 and 350 dead. Bodies left in the snow where they had fallen. Later to be thrown into a mass grave. A final message that no, all lives do not matter.
The Ghost Dance
“There was no hope on earth, and God seemed to have forgotten us. Some said they saw the Son of God; others did not see him…The people did not know; they did not care. They snatched at the hope. They screamed like crazy men to Him for mercy. They caught at the promise they heard He had made. The White men were frightened and called for soldiers.”
Settlers were fearful of Native American Spirituality. And Native Americans needed something, anything to grant some kind of hope. Wovoka, a self proclaimed visionary, and who had vsions more Christian than native, proclaiming him the native Messiah by many desperate Indian nations. Wovoka claimed while on the cusp of death he had visions of the destruction of the white settlers and a time of happiness for all past and present natives. In a manner reminiscent of Christ, Wovoka preached non-violence, and most tribes abandoned their war-like ways in preparation for future happiness. But the movement was destined to be a part of the worst slaughter of modern times.
This is one of the reasons why I see the mixing of European religions and native spirituality as dangerous, deadly. But a people with despair, no hope, they grasped onto any kind of hope.
“The first census was of the Sioux was taken in 1886. Thereafter they were required to have a family name. One of the father’s names was usually taken by the other members of the family, and everyone was given a distinguishing white first name, such as John or Nancy. Some family names, in translation, were unsuitable, so the census takers renamed them with complete English names…1889 and 1890 were years of severe drought, and unlike the white farmers, Indians could not move away to better ground. The buffalo were being systematically wiped out by white hunters, and indeed were virtually gone before 1890. In February 1890, the Dakota Reservation was opened to homesteading by non-Indians, and now the Sioux were ready to turn to anything that would offer them the slightest hope of returning to their old way of life. They prayed desperately, and sought visions from Wakan-Tanka for guidance and deliverance…It was at this point that a Paiute Indian named Wovoka entered the scene…”
“Wovoka or “Jack Wilson,” who started the Ghost Dance was the prophet or messiah of the Ghost Dance to the Sioux. They practiced that religion prior the Massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890.
Sitting Bull had been recently assassinated, yet they chose to peacefully dance, believing their way of life, the buffalo, and the land would be returned to them. They chose dancing the Ghost Dance in winter snow over revenge. They stood earnestly by their convictions, even up until the moment that the soldiers started massacring them.
The Ghost Dancers believed their shirts were bullet proof, and that their way of life would be returned. To understand some of why they believed those things; one needs to understand what was believed about Wovoka.
In his early adulthood, Wovoka gained a reputation as a powerful shaman. He was adept at magic tricks. One trick he often performed was being shot with a shotgun, which may have been similar to the bullet catch trick. Reports of this trick may have convinced the Lakota that their “ghost shirts” could stop bullets.
Also, Wovoka was reported to have had the Stigmata, same as
Padre Pio about 30 years later.
I heard an elder talk about Wovoka having the Stigmata, as well as the intent behind the Ghost Dance. It was nothing but peaceful, though it was controversial to many who did not participate. It hasn’t been done since the 1973 Siege of Wounded Knee as far as I know.
Some say Wovoka’s Stigmata wounds were self-inflicted; some say his wounds were not.
I don’t know.
In addition, there is a lesser well-known fact about this history: a relationship between Wovoka’s philosophies, his instructions to the Ghost Dancers, and the words of Jesus Christ:
“Jesus is now upon the Earth,” he stated. But again, there is historic contradiction here- Wovoka is quoted as saying he was Christ and he wasn’t Christ. It would seem that either he excelled at playing to different audiences or was damned to being preserved by faulty historians.
Despite the later association of the Ghost Dance with the Wounded Knee Massacre and unrest on the Lakota reservations, Wovoka charged his followers:
“Do not hurt anybody or do harm to anyone. You must not fight. Do not refuse to work for the whites and do not make any trouble with them.”
While the Ghost Dance is sometimes seen today as an expression of Indian militancy and the desire to preserve traditional ways, Wovoka’s pronouncements ironically bore the heavy mark of popular Christianity.
I disagree that last sentence, “Wovoka’s pronouncements ironically bore the heavy mark of popular Christianity.”
Vital parts of understanding the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890 are preexisting conditions, Wovoka, and the Ghost Dance
Speaking only for myself, I will not entertain the idea of a god that quite obviously did not care for the Native Americans, can be the source of salvation. I do not believe in the Abrahamic God, nor do I respect the theology. I respect everyone’s right to believe the theology, but don’t confuse this with respecting such archaic, dogmatic trash.
But I understand that loss of all hope can leave the oppressed desparate and vulverable to false visions of a Jewish savior for Indigenous Americans.
With AIM came a new era. A fight that has brought awareness, change, and unity across the tribes. Not all agree with their mission or tactics. For me it’s very clear that they have restored tradition and respect to lost ideas.
“In 1970 Clyde Bellecourt of the American Indian Movement was invited as a sponsor from the Great Oglala Nation on the Pine Ridge Reservation to attend the Sun Dance. Clyde was excited about the invitation, and like most of us in the early years had read books such as Black Elk Speaks that relates the sacred rites of the Lakota Nation. Upon accepting the invitation, Clyde thought it would fulfill two purposes, one of course to be one of the sponsors, and two, to learn firsthand, the spiritual traditions of the Sun Dance, the purification ceremony, and the reasons for such ceremonies.
Clyde arrived on the Pine Ridge Reservation grounds where the Sun Dance was being held and he thought he had gone to the wrong place. There was a fair, a rodeo, and surrounding the arbor, there were fair rides, a ferris wheel, a merry-go-round, a tilt-a-whirl, and food stands. He asked someone, “where is the Sun Dance?” He was told, ‘Right here.’ He ran into Dennis Banks and Russell Means, who were both dancing, and one had a snow cone and the other had a fry bread burger, and Clyde expressed his disbelief. They told him that the Sun Dance turned into a powwow after the day was done, and the dancers could eat, drink, go home, be with their girlfriends, or wives, or boyfriends, or husbands. The sacred Sun Dance grounds turned into a social dance and anyone could dance powwow whether they were sober or not.
Russell Means and Dennis Banks told Clyde, “Wait until Sunday and see what happens then.” Clyde asked them about Sunday and they said that the Catholic priest arrives at noon to the Sun Dance arbor to serve communion.
The prime sponsors of the Sun Dance was the Catholic Church and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The dancers were not allowed to pierce. They hitched a horse harness to the buffalo skull and the dancer was allowed to pull it like that.
Lehmann Brightman of United Native Americans out of California and Clyde could not believe what they were seeing and hearing. They told Dennis and Russell that this was not going to happen on their shift. Dennis and Russell pleaded with Clyde and Lehmann not to upset the dance because it would turn people against the American Indian Movement. They said to go and talk to Fools Crow. Clyde asked who Fools Crow was, and learned he was a chief of the Oglala Nation who had some responsibility with the Sun Dance. When they met with Chief Fools Crow he spoke only in Oglala Lakota and the interpreter was Severt Young Bear. They asked Fools Crow, “why are you allowing this to happen?’
Chief Fools Crow was given tobacco, but still had to have permission from the Catholic Church to have the Sun Dance. It was the same with the other ceremonies as well, not only on Pine Ridge, but every Indian Reservation, and Indian community. The peyote ceremonies became the Native American Church. These ceremonies had the Christian bible present. This is how the church controlled us, and made us weak. We were removed from our lands, and made more dependent with our every move.
Clyde informed Chief Fools Crow who they were, and told him about the great stories he read concerning the Lakota Nation, and the sacred ceremonies. Clyde told him what they must do to strengthen our communities and bring back the ceremonies to the people. At this time, Chief Fools Crow said there was nothing he could do, and told them to go and talk to the warriors. Clyde asked who they were, and Frank Fools Crow said, “the Sun Dancers.”
Lehmann Brightman and Clyde did talk to the Sun Dancers about the Church controlling them and the ceremonies, and they took a vote, and the warriors voted unanimously to take back the Sun Dance from the church.
On Sunday everyone from all of the communities on Pine Ridge came to see what would happen. Word spread quickly, and it turned out to be the largest crowd at a Sun Dance in recent memory at Pine Ridge. At noon the priest arrived with two altar boys and their bread and wine to offer communion, which would conclude the Sun Dance of the Great Oglala Nation. When Lehmann Brightman and Clyde entered the arbor, there were loud boo’s from the crowd and they started to throw whatever they had at them, food, trash, cups, bottles, etc. They informed the priest who was adorned in white Indian beaded vestments, that the dancers no long wanted him there, and that his days are now over. The priest asked Clyde, “Who are you?” Clyde told him who he was and that he represented the American Indian Movement, and introduced Lehmann Brightman as his brother from United Native Americans. The priest said, “I heard about you rabble-rousers.” Clyde said to the priest, “Father, please I am asking you to leave.” The priest said, “What if I don’t?” Clyde and Lehmann gently took the priest by each arm and escorted him out of the arbor to the boo’s and jeers of the crowd . By that time the police sirens could be heard, and Clyde and Lehmann were placed in the backseat of a squad car and were driven to the border of the reservation and were told to never come back.
Because of this action, in 1971, the following year, the American Indian Movement held its first Sun Dance on the Rosebud Reservation at Crow Dog’s Paradise. A Sun Dancer is committed for a lifetime. Clyde said that he has been a Sun Dancer for 40 years and now a Head Sun Dancer, and also a member of the Midewin Society.
Today, there are hundreds of Sun Dances, purification ceremonies, healing ceremonies, Midewin ceremonies every year. Most are conducted by recognized spiritual leaders, such as Rick Two Dogs, Warfield Moose, Richard Moves Camp, and others, but we also know there are those who exploit their own people’s traditions.”
Without the European religion that’s a warped middle eastern theology, interwoven into a bastardized spirituality, AIM has brought back an awareness and link to traditions that reach back 2000 years.
“The Great Spirit raised both the white man and the Indian. I think he raised the Indian first. He raised me in this land, it belongs to me. The white man was raised over the great waters, and his land is over there.”
With the fall out of planned parenthood violence and vandalism in recent weeks, coupled with Fiorina and her think tank I’ve been pouring over the legalities, supreme court cases and decisions. Is she culpable legally? We know she is morally, having had the information the planned parenthood videos were a lie and illegally obtained, does she hold legal responsibility for the violence? The defamation and fraudulent statements made of planned parenthood with clear intent of harming the institution…. And she continues to defend the statements..
n. the act of making untrue statements about another which damages his/her reputation. If the defamatory statement is printed or broadcast over the media it is libel and, if only oral, it is slander. Public figures, including officeholders and candidates, have to show that the defamation was made with malicious intent and was not just fair comment. Damages for slander may be limited to actual (special) damages unless there is malice. Some statements such as an accusation of having committed a crime, having a feared disease or being unable to perform one’s occupation are called libel per se or slander per se and can more easily lead to large money awards in court and even punitive damage recovery by the person harmed. Most states provide for a demand for a printed retraction of defamation and only allow a lawsuit if there is no such admission of error
1975, in Weirum v. RKO General, Inc., the Supreme Court of California held that a radio station could be held liable for its broadcast, which inspired two listeners to drive recklessly toward an announced location, killing another driver in the process.112 The plaintiff in Weirum brought a wrongful death action against a radio station for its promotion that urged people to drive to the lo[*PG173]cation of a disc jockey to receive a prize.113 Two listeners, incited to reach the disc jockey, drove recklessly toward his location and in the process drove another vehicle off the road, killing the driver.114 The Supreme Court of California affirmed the jury’s determination that the defendant radio station was liable under a negligence theory for the “foreseeable results of a broadcast which created an undue risk of harm . . . .”115
Weirum hardly made mention of the First Amendment except to note that it does not erect a barrier to liability.116 Later cases, however, have interpreted Weirum to be a case of “true” incitement, in harmony with Brandenburg. 117 This interpretation highlights the fact that the disc jockey’s directives were in close temporal proximity to the reckless driving that caused decedent’s death.118 In addition, because the disc jockey issued repeated live exhortations to listeners urging them to act in an inherently dangerous manner, the foreseeability of such action on the part of listeners was high.119
And then Charles Manson, was convicted of the murders through the joint-responsibility rule, which makes each member of a conspiracy guilty of crimes committed by fellow conspirators in furtherance of the conspiracy’s objective.
I believe she is culpable, and I for one want her behind bars. Any thoughts are appreciated.
Source: Trump Effect Part 2
I was so struck by it I want it shared.In his words
Donald Trumps incoherent rants of Mexicans, his political ideological inconsistencies and platform of ego has led to a national conversation about immigrants, but it’s not the conversation we should be having. Instead of path to citizenship we have a lunatic making claims blatantly false, easily debunked, and believed by the willfully ignorant that want nothing but hateful pandering to their base ideas, justifying their own bigotry.
Republicans aren’t even sure how to approach this level of insanity. With stances on universal healthcare, abortion, it’s obvious that ideas aren’t the focus, but rather a reality personality they can ‘relate’ to. His only ideology is that of power. A need for it, not much different in what the Clintons, Bush, even the Kennedy’s to a degree, have ruthlessly sought for decades. Their ideas changing with each new poll. What remains true is the desire to obtain and hold onto power. Ego being the primary ideology.
What is terrifying with Trump is that he so willingly made a dangerous situation deadly for 11 million people in our country. Claiming they were murderous rapists, when in fact many of the refugees and immigrants scrambling to our border, broken, hungry, escaping militias and cartels, face another terror. Citizens with a bible in one hand a flag in the other, screaming obscenities and threats, forgetting they were once immigrants. The actual victims of rape often being women and yes, young girls by our very own border patrol, and opportunistic monsters that unfortunately have social security cards by birth.
. I want people to see, to understand, these are Americans. Not a buzz word, not to be dehumanized, but respected for all the contributions to society and praised for all they are willing to suffer to make a better life for their families. Thank you so much Guadalupe Barreras for taking the time to do this. I’m so happy to have friends like you. The link provided will take you to his video. He put into words everything that needs to be known and shared.Guadalupe. In his words. Just click on the highlighted text. Thank you.
In the past few months I have seen atrocities, death, mass shootings, political posturing, Jim Crowe era racism, revival of the confederate flag, a neurosurgeon claim pyramids were to store grain, a Starbucks cup controversy, corruption and hate. All that pales in comparison to the Trump run for president.
A trust fund baby, reality star, with several marriages, ( to immigrants I might add), that’s filed bankruptcy several times, ascribes ridiculous conspiracy theories and hates Mexicans. The very Mexicans ( citizens and illegal ) he employs.
He has demonized, dehumanized, and slandered every Mexican both here in the states and across the border. With insulting and untrue propaganda, he has made it a dangerous atmosphere.
In this 2 part blog entry 2 dear friends, Mexican Americans, are going to share their stories of the Trump Effect and share an intimate look into their lives, family and daily routines.
Mexican has become a negative buzz word of hate. Hopefully we can expose this rhetoric for what it is. Lies and bigotry. This is Mely’s story.
Trump has given us cause to voice out where we never have before. We are a close knit family consisting of immediate family, cousins, nieces, nephews and our grandkids. My kids grew up with all of their cousins. I have 2 brothers and 4 sisters. We moved back to town so my grandkids can be around their cousins. We believe it takes a village to raise a child.
We typically get together once or twice a week. Our common topic of conversation had been, family, school and music. Never politics until the candidacy of D. Trump who is running for president of the United States. His vitriol hate speeches against the Latino community esp Mexicans has us talking politics with young and old. It worries us that employers will pass us up for a promotion or that our college kids can’t get an interview based on our last name. Racism is front and center. Where we never spoke about politics, now we do. Teenagers are now paying more attention of why registering to vote is important. Then getting their parents to do so, as well. TX has a very low voter turnout overall but esp. within the Latino and Hispanic communities. What I learned speaking to my nieces and nephews is that Trump affected them as well. Their relationships with long-time grade school friends are strained. Them being Trump supporters as well as their parents. Tension is felt even in high school. Before the confederate flag wasn’t of great consequence. They have seen that flag everywhere. It wasn’t until Trump supporters and kids in school proudly displaying it as they repeat Trump’s words of bigotry and hate. Now these kids realize they both stand for Racism.
We as Latinos can have a tremendous effect on the outcome of who wins the White House in 2016 with our voting power. We need to turn out the Vote!
In the second part of the blog we’ll feature Guadalupe’s story. I want the world to see through the language of hate. Thank you for reading, and thank you Mely for sharing such a powerful insight.
Every time the news breaks in the middle of the day I cringe. My heart sinks and I prepare for the worst news. But I always know what it is. I brace for the details, where, how many, and exactly what the damage is this time. When the numbers are final all too often I have a disturbing thought, it was ‘only’ this many, this time. Yesterday in San Bernadino, it was even worse than more than 1000 shootings in 3 years had prepared me for. I sat holding my toddler, with an even worse thought, at least my babies are ok, today.
I then must prepare myself for the propaganda. The politicians and the willfully ignorant. It’s just a matter of time, and the same talking points start. Unfortunately, those buzz words, scapegoats, prayers and grandstanding don’t prevent more shootings. I remember the memes after Sandy Hook. “God why did you let this happen? ” And god replies “Because you took me out of school”. I was appalled then. Not much of an all powerful being if a separation of church and state prevents god from saving tiny lives. That’s not even accounting for the fact that never once growing up in the bible belt did we bow our heads and pray. That’s a new history we’re telling. But now we’ve had a mass shooting in a church. God’s house. Where was he? If there is a god, he’s probably wondering why our leaders are offering prayers instead of a solution.
Then the rhetoric and false equivalence starts. My favorite. Let’s walk through my top hits from media.
I have tried not to go through my news feed since last night because one of the first things I saw was a rant about our president ‘talking about the damn weather’ when people are getting shot. Same person was oddly silent last week when planned parenthood got shot up but hey, now he’s concerned. And of course the typical crap I expect full of false equivalence and absolutely no facts or data behind ridiculous claims that pop up every few hours after a new shooting.Here’s the top of the list.
1.One of my favorites is the spoon and getting fat analogy, guns don’t kill people, people kill people. Sure, but it’s a tool designed specifically and with only one intention, killing..
2. You can kill just as easy with a knife or rock. Utter nonsense. Otherwise we’d have people out deer hunting with river rocks and steak knives. By the way, i’d really like to see that one play out.
3. You’re safer with a gun than without. No statistics have proven time and again you aren’t. Toddlers have actually killed more people in the country this year than terrorists because there are guns in the home. From The public health watch : ‘A study released by Stanford last year took a look at the data and found clear links between allowing concealed carry without a permit and some types of violence. It was difficult to tie right-to-carry laws to violent crime, but researchers did find an estimated 8 percent increase in aggravated assault cases — and this is likely an underestimate, according to the researchers. “The totality of the evidence based on educated judgments about the best statistical models suggests that right-to-carry laws are associated with substantially higher rates of aggravated assault, rape, robbery and murder,” said the researchers, who described the analysis of such laws as a “vexing task.”
4. Video games are behind the rise in gun violence. For one thing the research that was supposed to be done, even with 10 million set aside, never happened. Why? Because common sense tells us that isn’t the problem. Its a convenient scapegoat for the gun lobby to blame grand theft auto
. And my favorite…. drum roll…
5Regulations won’t stop gun violence. Australia, May 1996, a lone gunman killed 35 people and wounded an additional 23. Subsequently, Australia passed a very strict gun control law that included a buy-back program that managed to recover 600,000 assault rifles and other arms — 20 percent of all the known firearms in Australia.They changed their laws, no more private sales of firearms, there were strict registration laws, and, as with other nations, you had to prove to authorities that you had a specific reason for purchasing a firearm. Self defense was not a valid reason.
All gun related deaths did not end. But gun related deaths dropped 59 percent between 1995 and 2006, with no corresponding increase in non gun related homicides. Suicides carried out by guns was even more dramatic: 65 percent. The govt gun buy back was a large part of the success. Robberies involving a firearm also dropped significantly. Home invasions did not rise. So there goes that theory. But before the Port Arthur massacre, there had been 11 mass shootings in the country. Since regulating guns, there have been NONE.
These are facts. Easily found, available to everybody, facts.
No matter your political, religious or ideological beliefs, remember this if nothing else. 14 families will not be decorating, shopping, or sending out cards this holiday season. Rather than prepare for holiday celebrations, they are preparing a grave and saying good bye to loved ones. There will be no cheer, no joy, no stockings hung with care. There will be grief and void left in their lives.